What are the methods of sheet metal fabrication?

Views: 109 Update date: Sep 28,2023
Sheet metal fabrication is the process of manipulating and forming sheet metal into various shapes and products. There are several methods and techniques used in sheet metal fabrication, each suited for different applications. Here are some of the most common methods:

1. Cutting:

* Shearing: Shearing is the process of cutting sheet metal using a shear or a similar cutting tool. It is suitable for straight-line cuts and is commonly used for initial material sizing.
* Laser Cutting: Laser cutting uses a high-powered laser to cut intricate shapes and patterns in sheet metal with precision.
* Plasma Cutting: Plasma cutting involves the use of a high-velocity jet of ionized gas to cut through sheet metal.
* Waterjet Cutting: Waterjet cutting uses a high-pressure stream of water mixed with abrasive particles to cut through various metals.

2. Bending:

* Press Brake Bending: Press brakes are used to bend sheet metal into various angles and shapes by applying force to create the desired bend.

* Roll Bending: Roll bending, or plate rolling, is used to curve or roll sheet metal into cylindrical or conical shapes.

sheet metal fabrication

3. Forming:

* Stamping: Stamping involves the use of a die and punch to deform sheet metal into specific shapes or create features such as holes, notches, and embossed designs.
* Deep Drawing: Deep drawing is a method for forming sheet metal into three-dimensional shapes like cups, cans, and automotive components.
* Spinning: Spinning is a process where a sheet metal blank is rotated on a lathe and formed into symmetrical shapes, often used for items like cookware.

4. Joining:

* Welding: Welding joins two or more pieces of sheet metal together by melting the edges and fusing them.
* Riveting: Rivets are used to join sheet metal by passing a metal fastener through aligned holes and then securing it.
* Adhesive Bonding: Special adhesives can be used to bond sheet metal parts together, providing a strong and clean joint.

5. Assembly:

* Assembly methods involve combining multiple sheet metal components, often using fasteners, welding, or adhesives, to create the final product.

6. Finishing:

* Grinding and Polishing: These processes are used to smooth out rough edges and surfaces on sheet metal parts.
* Powder Coating and Painting: Sheet metal products can be coated or painted to improve their appearance and provide protection against corrosion.
* Anodizing: Anodizing is an electrochemical process that can be used to create a protective oxide layer on aluminum sheet metal.

The specific method chosen depends on the design requirements, material type, thickness, and production volume. Sheet metal fabricators often use a combination of these methods to create complex and precise components and products.

Prev:What are the 3 metal fabrication techniques? Next:What is the easiest aluminum to machine?
CNC Machining & Vacuum Casting

Rapid Prototype | 3D Printing | CNC Machining

GB/T19001-2016 /
ISO 9001:2015 Certified
ISO 13485:2016 Certified
facebook twitter pinterest youtube Instagram linkedin
Copyright © 2021 Sanwo Rapid Manufacturing CO.,Limited. All rights reserved.